Popularization of safety knowledge of China Life Tianjin Branch: Disaster Prevention and Mitigation Publicity Week starts!Have you got this knowledge?
Approved by the State Council, since 2009, May 12 every year has been designated as the “National Disaster Prevention and Mitigation Day”. May 12 this year is my country’s 15th National Disaster Prevention and Mitigation Day, and May 6 to May 12 is the Disaster Prevention and Mitigation Awareness Week, with the theme of “Preventing Disaster Risks and Escorting High-quality Development”. It is the direction of our joint efforts to enhance the awareness of disaster prevention and reduction, popularize and promote the knowledge of disaster prevention and reduction, improve disaster avoidance and self-rescue skills, and minimize the losses of natural disasters.
Disaster Prevention and Mitigation – Earthquake
1. Squat down, look for cover, and use the space under the desk, table, or bench, or use the space under the desk, table, or bench, or lean against the internal load-bearing wall as cover, and hold on to the object with both hands.
2. Keep away from windows, mirrors, hanging objects such as chandeliers and electric fans.
3. Protect the head with quilts, pillows, cushions, etc.
Stay away from construction areas, large trees, street lights and power lines.
Trapped in ruins
1. Keep calm and conserve energy.
2. Try to remove the sundries in front of your face and chest.
3. Remove the dust near the nose and mouth and keep breathing unimpeded.
4. Send out distress signals in due course, such as calling, knocking on objects, etc.
Disaster Prevention and Mitigation – Fire
1. Use fire and electricity safely, do not connect wires indiscriminately, and do not use illegal electrical appliances at home or in the dormitory.
2. When going out, check whether the power is off.
3. Do not pile up sundries in corridors and balconies to block evacuation passages.
high rise building
1. When the stairs on the lower floor have been blocked by fire, do not escape by force, but go to a safe place such as the roof and wait for rescue.
2. If you are trapped in a high-level building and calling for help fails, you can wave sheets, towels, etc. in front of the window to attract the attention of others.
1. Dial 119 to call the police, follow the evacuation signs to escape in an orderly manner, and avoid taking the elevator.
2. When passing through thick smoke, cover your mouth and nose with a wet towel, try to keep your body close to the ground and the wall, and bend over or crawl forward.
3. When escaping, close the door behind you to prevent the smoke from trailing in.
4. When you cannot escape, retreat to a safe area such as a balcony or roof, and send out a distress signal to wait for rescue.
1. Determine the size of the fire and the direction of the wind, and quickly move to areas where the fire has already burned or where there are few plants and flat terrain.
2. When crossing the line of fire, cover your head with clothes and rush through quickly against the wind.
Disaster Prevention and Mitigation – Flood
what are the signs
1. The stream water is suddenly turbid, the flow velocity increases, and the water level rises.
2. Hear the sound of water from far to near like the roar of a train.
When a sudden flash flood hits
1. Choose the nearest safe route and run laterally along the hillside.
2. Never run down the hillside or down the valley exit.
3. Do not swim easily to prevent being washed away by mountain torrents.
When trapped in a low-lying place or a wooden structure house
1. Wave brightly colored clothing back and forth to call for help, making it easier for rescuers to spot.
2. If conditions permit, floating objects such as boats, rafts, door panels, and wooden beds can also be used to transfer on water.
When the high-voltage line tower is skewed, the wire is drooping or broken
Keep away from danger, do not touch or approach, to prevent electric shock.
Disaster Prevention and Mitigation – Thunder and Lightning
Indoor Lightning Protection
1. Close the doors and windows and keep away from doors, windows, balconies and outer walls as far as possible.
2. Do not approach or touch any metal pipelines, including water pipes, heating pipes, gas pipes, etc.
3. Turn off all kinds of household appliances as much as possible, and unplug the power plug.
4. Do not use solar water heaters in thunderstorm weather.
Outdoor Lightning Protection
1. Find a low-lying place and squat down, put your feet together, put your hands on your knees, and bend your body forward.
2. Stay away from tall and isolated objects such as trees and utility poles.
3. Don’t open an umbrella and don’t use your cell phone.
Lightning protection inside the car
1. Do not park the car in an open space or on a high ground, or under a tree or a tall chimney.
2. Take back the car antenna, turn off the engine and radio and other equipment.
3. Don’t get out of the car easily, and close the doors and windows.
4. Don’t touch the window handle, gear lever, steering wheel, etc., put your hands on your lap.