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If a child has a respiratory infection, how can he eat well quickly?One article to understand

If a child has a respiratory infection, how can he eat well quickly?One article to understand

In the alternating seasons between winter and spring, respiratory diseases are on the rise, and children and adolescents are particularly susceptible. Some children are infected with two or three viruses at the same time, some families are infected with the disease, and some schools are closed for entire grades… In the face of viruses and bacteria that cause respiratory diseases, everyone begins to think about how to improve children’s resistance to respiratory diseases. ability.

Nutrition, as the cornerstone of health, is an important condition for maintaining normal immune function of the human body. How can we use nutrition to help children survive this pathogen-infested season?

Eating poorly increases the risk of disease infection

Children and adolescents are at an important stage of growth and development. They should ensure three meals a day, regular meals, regular meals, and adequate intake of energy and nutrients. Aim to have a variety of foods. Each meal should include 3 or more types of foods such as cereals and potatoes, vegetables and fruits, livestock, poultry, fish eggs, milk and soybeans; consume more than 12 types of food every day and more than 25 types every week. .

Children aged 2 to 5 years old should have 3 meals and 2 snacks a day. Choose foods with high nutrient density, such as milk, fruits, eggs and nuts, paired with a small amount of soft pasta. Drink 350-500 ml of milk and 600-800 ml of water every day.

Children and adolescents aged 6 to 17 years old should arrange three meals reasonably and eat a good breakfast; they should consume more than 300 ml of liquid milk or a considerable amount of dairy products every day.

Children’s picky eating and partial eclipse behaviors can lead to imbalanced nutrient intake and are risk factors for respiratory diseases. For such children, daily meal preparation should focus on the exchange of similar foods and enrich the food variety. If you use whole grains or potatoes to partially replace rice or noodles, avoid eating one staple food for a long time. Swap livestock meat with poultry, fish with shrimp, and various eggs. Pay attention to the color and variety of vegetables.

On the basis of a balanced diet, cook properly and develop healthy eating habits. The food provided for children and adolescents should be fresh and hygienic. It is advisable to choose food that is mild in nature, easy to digest, and invigorating the spleen and appetizing. Cook rationally, use cooking methods such as steaming, boiling, stewing, and simmering, and use less frying, grilling, pickling, etc.

Use less seasoning when cooking for children aged 2 to 5 years old, and frequently change food shapes or textures, food portions, cooking methods, etc. to increase children’s appetite. For children aged 2 to 3 years old, the food should be properly minced and soft. Pay attention to safety when eating nuts and whole legumes to avoid choking into the trachea. It is not recommended to serve food with broken bones, thorns, cores and shells.

Encourage children to try new foods and give them praise to increase their food acceptance. Guide children to eat independently and attentively, and ensure that they do not watch TV, play with toys or play games while eating. Try to fix meal times as much as possible to create a warm dining environment.

Children and adolescents aged 6 to 17 years old should avoid blind dieting and overeating. It is forbidden to drink alcoholic beverages and eat less pickles, spicy strips, candies, preserves, margarine cakes, fatty meats and other foods. Try to eat at home as much as possible to develop interest in eating. When dining out, you should also pay attention to the variety and reasonable combination of food, and pay special attention to the freshness and hygiene of the food.

Eating well makes diseases heal faster

Parents often fall into polarized misunderstandings about the dietary health of sick children. Some parents are worried that the so-called “fat food” will affect physical recovery, so they either let their children eat rice porridge or boiled noodles in plain water every day. There are also parents who are worried that their children cannot keep up with their nutrition, so they feed their children big fish, meat and various nutritional supplements every day. Both methods are unscientific. So, what should children with respiratory diseases eat?

For children under 6 months old, it is recommended to mainly breastfeed and drink some water. Older children should eat more foods rich in high-quality protein, and at the same time comprehensively strengthen vitamin supplements. Eat more fruits and vegetables, drink more water, eat a light diet, and eat less seafood such as shrimps and crabs, especially those with allergic coughs. child.

The basic dietary principles are as follows

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