[Eye Eye Care]Participate in multiple activities to reduce negative thoughts and live a healthy life away from dementia

[Eye Eye Care]Participate in multiple activities to reduce negative thoughts and live a healthy life away from dementia

(Hong Kong) Dementia is a collective term that includes more than 10 types of brain degenerative diseases. People with dementia will experience significant deterioration in attention, executive ability, memory, language ability, social skills, etc., and may even experience personality changes, reverse day and night routines, delusions or hallucinations, etc.

Studies have pointed out that about 20% of the elderly over the age of 60 suffer from memory loss.

High risk of long-term depression

From a clinical point of view, before the diagnosis of dementia, there are no symptoms at all. Cognitive abilities have degenerated in the past few years, such as forgetfulness, decreased thinking acuity, etc., which are collectively referred to as mild cognitive impairment. pre-symptomatic transitional stage.

Some people notice that they have become forgetful and start to doubt whether they have dementia, but because the disease progresses slowly, they can still take care of themselves in life, so they ignore the dementia.

Studies have shown that the risk of developing dementia increases with age. In addition, suffering from long-term diseases, such as high blood pressure, diabetes, and mood disorders (such as depression), will also increase the probability of cognitive decline. Therefore, controlling the risk level of long-term diseases, such as monitoring blood pressure and blood sugar levels on time, eating regularly to ensure the brain continues to absorb nutrients, reducing emotional reactions, and avoiding smoking and drinking are the basic principles for preventing mild cognitive impairment.Reading Newspapers and Watching TV to Cultivate Cognitive Ability

In addition, although clinical conditions may be affected by other factors alternately, so that the curative effect is not the same, but many studies have found that the early stage of the disease can be alleviated by adjusting living habits and training.

“There is a study of mild cognitive impairment patients with an average age of 68.2 years

Regularly review, evaluate and analyze living habits,

It was found that about 44% of patients participating in leisure activities can improve the overall cognitive ability,

It can even return to the cognitive level of the elders of the same age;

Some studies have also pointed out that if the elderly participate more in cognition-focused,

Physical and social activities can improve cognitive function. “

Participating in a variety of activities in daily life can prevent mild cognitive impairment. For example, by reading newspapers and books, watching TV or listening to radio programs, you can develop cognitive ability; you can enhance your physical fitness by doing housework, participating in gardening activities, hiking and other outdoor activities; you can also increase social training by playing poker or mahjong with close friends.

Use different tools and creativity to play poker to practice cognitive ability

You can refer to the following 4 poker exercises to train cognitive abilities, including concentration, working memory, self-inhibition, judgment and planning skills.

1.You Say I Find: Improving Visual Search Ability

Randomly place playing cards on the table, give instructions, and players find out the relevant numbers or patterns.

2.Spot the Difference: Training Visual Memory

Randomly put 9 playing cards on the table. After the player has finished reading, cover the playing cards and reverse 2 of them, so that the player can find the difference by memory.

3.Do the math: increase working memory

Randomly arrange 12 playing cards in two rows on the table, and then ask the player to mentally calculate the total number of each row to find out which row has the larger total number.

4.Remember It: Exercise Delayed Recall

Randomly place 6 playing cards on the table, give players 5 seconds to write down the numbers and order of the cards, then cover the playing cards, and play other distracting games such as arithmetic operations, puzzles, etc. After completion, ask the player to repeat the number and order of the cards.

You can also use different tools at home on weekdays, add a little creativity, and discover interesting cognitive activities by yourself. The above activities are not a systematic treatment plan, but simple reference activities for training cognitive abilities in daily life.

If you have any doubts about dementia, or find that you or your family members are frequently forgetful, affecting your daily life, or even endangering your own safety, you should seek professional help immediately.

Text Tan Chun (occupational therapist)

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