Currently, many places across the country have entered a period of high incidence of respiratory infectious diseases, and the number of children infected has increased. Recently, the topic of “students doing questions while infusion” has attracted attention and heated discussion. In this regard, many places have issued notices advocating reasonable arrangements.
01Beijing: Everything puts children’s health first
On November 25, the “Capital Education” WeChat public account issued an article emphasizing that children’s health should be the first priority in everything, and that there will be no mandatory homework requirements for students while they are sick. Details are as follows:
Currently, Beijing has entered a period of high incidence of respiratory infectious diseases, and the number of children infected has increased.
The Education Working Committee of the Beijing Municipal Party Committee and the Municipal Education Commission stated that they must ensure the health and safety of students to the greatest extent, monitor the health of teachers and students, and ensure that teachers and students do not go to class while sick.
Make an orderly connection between online and offline teaching. For students who are absent due to illness, schools and classes will communicate with parents in a timely manner on the focus of recent classroom teaching.
The school does not impose strict requirements on students’ homework while they are sick. It is not recommended to rush or make up homework during the illness. The child’s health is the first priority in everything. It guides students to wear masks scientifically, insist on washing hands frequently, ventilate frequently, exercise moderately, and enhance physical fitness and health. Immunity.
Considering the characteristics of the course of respiratory diseases, parents should let their children get adequate treatment and rest. Even if their health improves, they should not be in a hurry to return to school and resume classes. They should strengthen their health and use rich online teaching resources to study at home. They should help their children eat a balanced diet, have a regular schedule, and promote good health. Develop good hygiene and living habits.
According to experts from the Beijing Center for Disease Control and Prevention and Beijing Children’s Hospital, this respiratory infectious disease is showing a trend of multiple pathogens co-epidemic. Judging from the outpatient visits in some hospitals, the epidemic intensity of Mycoplasma pneumoniae has dropped to the fourth place among children’s respiratory infectious diseases. Currently, the top three respiratory infectious diseases in children are influenza, adenovirus, and respiratory syncytial virus. The current influenza epidemic period is earlier than in previous years, indicating that this year’s epidemic peak will also arrive earlier than in previous years.
02Shandong: Health first
On November 27, the Shandong Provincial Department of Education issued a notice advocating that teachers and students firmly establish the educational concept of “health first” to effectively respond to the current superimposed epidemic risks of multiple infectious diseases in Shandong Province and ensure the safety and health of teachers and students to the greatest extent.
The notice mentioned that the registration and tracking of teachers and students absent from school due to illness should be done well, and systems such as health management, morning and afternoon examinations, and infectious disease reporting should be strictly implemented; the “double reduction” requirement should be fully implemented, focusing on improving the quality and efficiency of classroom teaching, and establishing high-quality Quality operation design mechanism comprehensively reduces the total amount of operations.
Differentiated teaching designs should be developed based on students’ physical conditions. There are no mandatory rules on knowledge learning and homework for students who have not recovered from illness. It is not recommended to catch up on or make up for homework during illness.
When students develop symptoms such as fever and cough, the school should promptly wear masks for students and remind them to rest at home (dormitory); if the symptoms are severe, they should take personal protection and go to the hospital as soon as possible. During this period, they should avoid participating in group activities and entering public places. place.
The notice also recommends that primary school students should sleep for 10 hours a day, junior high school students should sleep for 9 hours, and high school students should sleep for 8 hours. Primary and secondary schools should coordinate existing school conditions, facilities and equipment, create lunch break conditions for students according to local conditions, and effectively ensure lunch break time and sleep quality for primary and secondary school students.
In addition, for sick students at home, schools should pay close attention to students’ psychological changes, reduce excessive learning anxiety, and do not rush to return to school and resume classes after their health improves. Sick students can use online teaching resources such as the National Smart Platform for primary and secondary schools to study at home.
03Shanxi Disease Control Reminder
On November 23, the “Shanxi Disease Control and Prevention Updates” WeChat public account issued a health reminder: In order to actively prevent and control respiratory infectious diseases in autumn and winter, the Shanxi Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention health reminders that the public and relevant units must actively adopt scientific and standardized measures. Prevention and control measures.
The measures mentioned: Students should report immediately when they feel unwell to avoid attending class while sick.
After a child develops respiratory symptoms, pay attention to the changes in the condition. If the child has persistent fever, severe cough, or recurrence of illness, seek medical treatment in time. Family members should also wear masks and protect themselves when taking care of patients and accompanying them to the doctor. After the child is diagnosed, he should follow the doctor’s advice for treatment, rest at home, and avoid repeated medical visits.
04Hebei disease control experts remind:
How to disinfect your home during a flu epidemic
On November 24, the Handan Center for Disease Control and Prevention in Hebei Province also issued prevention and control reminder measures. The measures are also clear: teachers and students who are infected with influenza, new coronavirus, or Mycoplasma pneumoniae are not allowed to go to school while sick; students should report immediately when they feel unwell. , avoid attending class while sick.
In addition, Wang Qian, chief technician of the Bacterial Disease Prevention and Disinfection Institute of the Hebei Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, introduced that there are two main ways of transmission of influenza: one is through droplets such as sneezing and coughing; the other is directly through mucous membranes such as the oral cavity and nasal cavity. Or indirect contact transmission, including contact with items contaminated by the virus.
If you want to reduce the spread of disease, you can use disinfection to cut off the transmission route. The disinfection methods of different parts and related precautions are as follows:
1. Air (frequent ventilation)
Natural ventilation is preferred. Whether it is the patient’s room or the room where the patient lives with his or her caregiver, the windows should be opened as much as possible for ventilation. Depending on the specific weather conditions at that time, it is recommended to ventilate 2 to 3 times a day for no less than 30 minutes each time. If conditions do not allow opening windows for ventilation, you can consider using an air disinfection machine for air disinfection if there are people available.
2. Disinfect floors and surfaces
Floors and surfaces of objects, especially surfaces of objects that may be touched daily such as tabletops, countertops, door handles, switches, faucets, etc. in the home, should be wiped or sprayed with chlorine-containing disinfectant containing 500 mg/L of effective chlorine, which has an effect of 15 to 30 After a few minutes, wipe clean with clean water.
3. Disinfection of tableware
After removing food residue from tableware (drinking), it is first recommended to boil or circulate steam for 15 to 30 minutes. If the conditions cannot be met, you can use chlorine-containing disinfectant with an effective chlorine content of 250 mg/L and soak it for 15 to 30 minutes. Finally, be sure to wash away the residual chemical disinfectant with clean water.
4. Disinfect fabrics such as towels and clothing
Household towels, clothes and bedding need to be washed and dried frequently. Disinfect with circulating steam or boiling for 15 to 30 minutes; or soak with chlorine-containing disinfectant with an effective chlorine content of 250 mg/L for 15 to 30 minutes, and then clean as usual.
Wash your hands frequently and follow the seven-step hand washing method to maintain hand hygiene. You can also use quick-drying hand disinfectant for hand disinfection.